Debian下部署Nginx+PHP

VPS February 05 2011 Debian Nginx


前面已经介绍过Debian下的Nginx配置,继续参考http://67054.blog.51cto.com/57054/128471配置PHP环境,但是针对其中出现的问题,进行更正修改。

1、首先修改nginx的配置文件

vim /etc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

#user  nobody;
worker_processes  1;
#error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;
#pid        logs/nginx.pid;
worker_rlimit_nofile 51200;                           //需要在shell下执行ulimit  -SHn  512 00
events {
use epoll;
worker_connections  51200;
}

http {
	include       mime.types;
	default_type  application/octet-stream;

	server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
	client_header_buffer_size 32k;
	large_client_header_buffers 4 32k;
	log_format  access  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
	'"$status" $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
	'"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
	access_log  logs/access.log  access;
	sendfile        on;
	tcp_nopush     on;
	#keepalive_timeout  0;
	keepalive_timeout  60;

	tcp_nodelay on;
	#gzip  on;
	server {
		listen       80;
		server_name  localhost;
		#charset koi8-r;
		#access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
		location / {
		root   /home/web;
		index  index.php index.html index.htm;
		if (-f $request_filename/index.html){
			rewrite (.*) $1/index.html break;
		}
		if (-f $request_filename/index.php){
			rewrite (.*) $1/index.php;
		}
		if (-f $request_filename){
			rewrite (.*) /index.php;
		}
	}

	error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
	
	location = /50x.html {
		root   html;
	}
	
	location ~ \.php$ {
		root           html;
		fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
		fastcgi_index  index.php;
		fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /home/web$fastcgi_script_name;    //home/web 为php网站的目录
		include        fastcgi_params;
	}
}

以上是我的nginx.conf文件内容

2、安装php5-cgi模块

apt-get install php5-cgi php5-gd php5-curl

修改/etc/php5/cgi/php.ini文件,里面有一项cgi.fix_pathinfo数据为1,默认为0 cgi.fix_pathinfo=1; 这样php5-cgi方能正常使用SCRIPT_FILENAME这个变量。

这里还要装一个php加速的软件ZendOptimizer,在输入php.ini位置的时候输入/etc/php5/cgi/

3、安装spawn-fcgi spawn-fcgilighttpd的一个用来控制php-cgi的工具 如果系统没有安装GCC编译环境,刚需要在安装lighttpd之前要安装build-essential工具包,执行以下

命令

aptitude install build-essential  libpcre3-dev
wget http://www.lighttpd.net/download/spawn-fcgi-1.6.3.tar.gz
tar -zxf spawn-fcgi-1.6.3.tar.gz
cd spawn-fcgi-1.6.3
./configure --bindir=/usr/bin --libdir=/usr/lib --prefix=/etc
make&&make install

这样cgi控制器就安装完成了。

4、启动cgi

spawn-fcgi -a 127.0.0.1 -p 9000 -C 5 -u www -g www -f /usr/bin/php5-cgi

注意:ip,端口与nginx服务器中的fastcgi-pass要对应. -C表示打开几个cgi进程 启动nginx ,在启动之前先测试下配置文件是否正确

nginx -t -c /etc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
2009/02/03 15:27:12 [info] 21782#0: the configuration file /etc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
2009/02/03 15:27:12 [info] 21782#0: the configuration file /etc/nginx/conf/nginx.conf was tested successfully

出现以上信息说明配置文件准确。

/etc/init.d/nginx start

好了,如果没有出错信息,则说明配置成功了,现在写个phpinfo测试下吧

cd /home/web
vim index.php

输入

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

保存。测试是否出现phpinfo

curl http://127.0.0.1/index.php

或者用其它机器访问本

完成!

原文链接:https://blog.yourtion.com/debian-deploy-nginx-php.html


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